Tieng Anh Chuyen Nganh Ctxh1. Khoa Công tác Xã hội – Phát triển Cộng đồng1 UNIT 1 WHAT IS SOCIAL WORK? A new international definition of social work was adopted at the General Meeting of the International Federation of Social Workers’ (IFSW) in Montreal in July 2000 (available on-line at http://www.ifsw.org): The social work profession promotes social change, problem solving in human relationships và the empowerment và liberation of people khổng lồ enhance well-being. Utilizing theories of human behaviour and social systems, social work intervenes at the points where people interact with their environments. Principles of human rights và social justice are fundamental to lớn social work. The definition emphasizes four concepts: social change, problem solving, person-in-the- environment và empowerment. To begin khổng lồ understvà this complex work it is necessary khổng lồ explore these four key concepts. Social Change Mandate A social change mandate means working in solidarity with those who are disadvantaged or excluded from society so as to eliminate the barriers, inequities and injustices that exist in society. Social workers should be at the forefront of promoting policy & legislation that redistributes wealth in favour of those who are less well-off- that is, promoting equal opportunity for women, gays, lesbians, bisexuals, transgender persons, people with disabilities, Aboriginal peoples và racial and other minorities, and defending past gains made in these areas. Problem Solving Social workers respond lớn crises & emergencies as well as everyday personal & social problems.
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Within this process, social workers use problem-solving techniques to identify the problem và formulate possible plans of action. A problem is not usually clearly defined when someone comes to lớn a social service agency. It is therefore crucial for the social worker lớn explore the person’s concerns, to lớn identify the need(s) involved, to identify barriers to meeting need(s) và to lớn carefully determine the goals and possible plans of action. A key characteristic of the problem- solving process is the inclusion of the client at each stage. The process should also teach clients problem-solving skills so that they can better giảm giá with future problems on their own. Person-in-the-Environment A key aspect of effective sầu social work practice is to lớn go beyond the “internal” (psychological) factors and examine the relationship between individuals and their environments. This person-in- the-environment approach is partly what distinguishes social work practice from other helping professions. These “environments” extend beyond the immediate family and include interactions with friends, neighbourhoods, schools, religious groups, laws and legislation, other agencies or organizations, places of employment & the economic system. Based on this understanding, Tiếng Anh Chulặng Ngành
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